THE CASTLE PROJECT AND TURGUT CANSEVER
Sivas Castle Project, which was prepared by the famous veteran Turgut Cansever who received the “Aga Khan Architecture Award” three times in the world and known as the “Wise Architect” and later revised by his daughter Architect Emine ÖĞÜN, will be implemented as a Project with today’s architectural features.
Wise Architect Cansever has signed important works such as Restoration of Sadullah Pasha Mansion, Büyükada Anatolian Club Hotel, Karatepe Open Air Museum, Diyarbakır College, Ankara Turkish Historical Society Building (Ağahan Award), Beyazıt Square Design, Nuri Birgi House (Çürüksulu Mansion) Restoration, Bodrum Underwater Archeology Institute, Antalya Karakas Mosque, Ertegun House (Aghahan Award). The Iron Houses Project he made with Emine Öğün, Mehmet Öğün and Feyza Cansever in Bodrum brought him the third Aga Khan award. Bilge Architect Cansever, who left behind works that opened new horizons to Turkish architecture, is the only architect who has been awarded the Aga Khan Architecture Award three times.
Cansever has been granted the TBMM Outstanding Service Award in 2007. In 2005, he was awarded the Culture and Arts Grand Prize in the field of architecture by the General Directorate of Fine Arts of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Following the 1999 Marmara Earthquake, he established the Istanbul Earthquake Working Group and has launched the ”New Urban Production Project Against Earthquake.’’
His ‘’Stylistic Developments in Seljuk and Ottoman Architecture (1949), Basic Issues of Modern Architecture (1960), Thoughts and Architecture (1981), City and Architecture (writings and interviews with him, 1992), Home and City (1994), Not to Place the Dome (1997) ), The City and the Architect in Islam (1997), Understanding Istanbul (1998), Mimar Sinan (2005)’’ books are the best way to describe the cities and architecture.
Turgut Cansever approaches the concept of urbanism with Platon’s “The greatest wisdom of man is the wisdom of city-building” words and he describes human beings on the basis of the divine doctrine that defines them as the Caliph of Allah, who send the beauty to the earth. In light of this, itreveals the ’New Cities project’, leaving aside modern urbanism and urban planning principles.
Turgut Cansever says to every host that the right to build the city and the world according to beautiful principles is the main goal. He also says that says that the idea of establishing / remembering / reviving the consciousness of human being will become clear with this thought. Therefore, he argues that all the buildings that make up the city should be far from wastefulness, “simple”, “supreme ‘’, ‘’monumental’’ and “beautiful”. For this reason, it is a “trappings” that elevate the place where the buildings are located.
Cansever, who set out from the concept of trappings, tells that the city will open up the horizon only to those living in it and there will be a place where new generations grow up with high value structures. The cities to be built consist of one-two-level and rarely three-floor houses and other functions to support this living environment. Therefore, this urban fiction can give people ”livable“, ”sustainable“, “articulate”, “flexible”, “dynamic“, “participatory”, “ecological “, “economic“ life circles as promised. He tells how individuals like children, young, elderly, disabled, pregnant etc. can live in this environment.
In the framework of all these thought the city consists of neighborhoods, houses, exhibition halls, libraries, reading halls and health facilities, administrative structures and neighborhood, squares and central business areas that reveal neighborhood centers, industrial and small arts production areas, green areas of various dimensions and quality. Neighborhood is the basic unit that gives the city its main character. It consists of dwellings with gardens and neighborhood center, which come together as a little dense, medium dense and dense settlements.
According to Cansever, the relationship between the garden houses and the green texture of the stratification among the pedestrian-bicycle-paths in urban leveling is vital.
According to the statement of Turgut Cansever, the basic principles of ”Sivas Kaleardı Neighborhood” are presented as follows: The main feature that determines the style of the settlement order is the formation of neighborhood collectivity by preserving the independence of each of the houses which make up the neighborhood and the building groups. It is required to make a layout arrangement which provides that every and each housing while keeping their personalities are located in a neighborhood or group of structures, when considering belief of Islamic mysticism which is accepting as finale stage of units, “individuals” and therefore “holiness of individuals cultural history” and it’s being a stage of realization that brings the realization in a way of western democracy idealism which has been leading the world for about 2 centuries.
This approach is a necessity of the integrity of the contemporary space with our tradition. Rooms in the integrity of each house are units. The solution that clearly shows the existence of the rooms in the formation of the architecture of the houses is that rooms appear on the facade of the building with special volumes. This feature of the planimetric of the Turkish house is even more obvious by the fact that the upper floor rooms are more outward than the lower floor rooms which name is “cumba”.
We understand how to approach the cities and Sivas Kaleardı Neighborhood from the opinions of Turgut Cansever about the cities and the Kaleardı Neighborhood of Sivas. Cansever’s work on cities and development problems a guide for those who plan today’s cities in terms of emphasizing the importance of looking at cities through the eyes of the architect.
Turgut Cansever is one of the few architects who has been able to capture the modern line without breaking the connection with the historical roots of Turkish architecture. Instead of making formal repetitions, he brought to the fore the original interpretations.
We remember him with respect…